John Mackintosh was born on 7th July in the town of Dukinfield, Cheshire, moving to Halifax soon afterwards
They moved from retail to wholesale selling in and production
The business moved to Hope Street under the name, the Steam Confectionary Works
The firm was also manufacturing Christmas crackers
Greystones, John and Violet Mackintosh's home, was built c.1900 in the Arts and Crafts Style in a prominent position on the corner of Manor Heath Road and Queen's Gate, Savile Park, Halifax
Mackintosh's Toffee Company (America) Limited was recorded with registered office at Hill Street, West Parade, Halifax
On Feb. 21st the S.S. Berlin was totally wrecked off the Hook of Holland John Mackintosh had crossed only the previous night. His foreman, who followed the next night, lost his life.
In the autumn a full-page advertisement was issued showing the Kaiser standing astride the maps of Belgium and France and staring with angry eyes across the Channel to the British Isles, on which rested a tin of "Mackintosh's Toffee." The title gives the explanation, "So that is what makes them fight so well" In September John Mackintosh sent a letter to the Editor of the Halifax Daily Guardian urging the necessity of opening a local relief fund for the assistance of victims of the war.
In June John Mackintosh gave a great "Victory Ball" to celebrate the return of most of his men from the Great War
Heath Robinson, Illustrator, was commissioned by Mackintosh's for part of an advertising campaign. His "A Half Hour in Toffee Town" appeared in The Daily Mail (London, England) 1st October
The John Mackintosh Memorial Homes were opened at Albert Promenade by J.H. Whitley on 1st January. The 12 cottages were designed by W B Walton of Blackpool for Violet Mackintosh who built and endowed them in memory of her husband.
The company formed Anglo-American Chewing Gum Ltd
In September Harold Mackintosh narrowly avoided merging the company with Rowntrees of York. Both companies already had a joint subsidiary in the Republic of Ireland
Harold Mackintosh was made a baronet
Rolo was launched in Halifax
During World War II, Mackintosh's Norwich factory was destroyed by bombs, halting all production there
Harold Mackintosh was given an honorary Doctor of Law by the University Of Leeds.
In April, the company bought J & J Baldwin's Bailey Hall mill which had originally been built by the Halifax Flour Society.
Harold Mackintosh became Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax Munchies were first introduced
Toffee Crisp and Tooty Frooties were launched in Halifax
Mackintosh acquired the firm of John Hill and Sons, biscuit makers
Mackintosh acquired the firm of Fox Glacier Mints Ltd. The original shop in King Cross Street was demolished to make way for the new bypass Mackintosh merged with Rowntree to become Rowntree Mackintosh Limited.
An agreement was negotiated with Fujiyi Confectionery Company Ltd. of Tokyo to manufacture selected products for the Japanese market
Rowntree Mackintosh acquired the Dutch Nuts Chocoladefabriek B.V.
It had added another 13 companies in the United Kingdom, France, Australia, the United States, and Canada. All of these acquisitions made a reorganization necessary The Queens Road site closed
Two Swiss companies, Nestlé and Jacobs Suchard, began a bidding war for Rowntree. Both companies had chocolate businesses they hoped to strengthen in preparation for the unification of the European Common Market in 1992. On June 25, after a two-month battle between Nestlé and Jacobs Suchard, neither a welcome suitor, Rowntree was acquired by Nestlé, whose winning £2.5 billion bid made the deal the largest takeover of a British company by a foreign one to date. Nestlé agreed to keep Rowntree's headquarters in York and has created a chocolate, confectionery, and biscuit group based in York responsible for Nestlé's worldwide chocolate and confectionery strategy